Singkatan-Singkatan di Dunia Komputer

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SINGKATAN-SINGKATAN DI DUNIA KOMPUTER

Bagi anda yang ingin mengetahui Singkatan-Singkatan di Dunia Komputer lengkap seperti satuan kapasitas komputer, format file (gambar, audio, video), hardware, jaringan, dan internet, silahkan klik di bawah ini.

SINGKATAN-SINGKATAN DI DUNIA KOMPUTER

SATUAN :
Dpi dot per inci
Ppm paper per minute
Pps paper per Second
Fps frame per Second
Mbps megabits per Second
KBps Kilobytes per Second
Kbps kilobits per Second
Bps bits per Second
Bit binary digit
TB Tera Byte
GB Giga Byte
MB Mega Byte
KB Kilo Byte
VIDEO :
MPEG Motion Picture Expert Group, terdiri dari :
- MPEG-1 (Audio/Video)   –  (1.5 – 4.0 mbps)
- MPEG-2 (Audio/Video)   –  (4.0 – 10.0 mbps)
- MP3 or MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3 (Audio)
- MPEG-4 (Interactive Multimedia System)
- MPEG-7 (Multimedia Database & Retrieval)
AVI Audio Video Interleave
WMV Windows Media Video
DAT Digital Audio Tape
3GP / 3GPP 3rd Generation Partnership Project
VOB DVD Video Object
TS Transport Stream
FLV Flash Video
DV Digital Video
RM Real Media
MOV Movie (Quick Time)
VTR Video Tape Recorder
VBR Variable Bit Rate
BRV Bit Rate Video
BRA Bit Rate Audio
CODEC Compression Decompression  atau  Coder Decoder
AUDIO :
WAV Wave
MP3 MPEG 1 Layer 3
MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface
WMA Windows Media Audio
OGG ……..  Ogg Vorbis
FLAC Free Lossless Audio Codec
AMR Adaptive Multi Rate
AAC Advanced Audio Coding
AIFF Audio Interchange File Format
ASF Advanced Streaming Format
AIMP Artem Izmaylov Media Player.
IMAGE :
BMP Windows Bitmap
WMF Windows Meta File
EMF Enhanced Meta File
JPEG Joint Picture Expert Group
GIF Graphic Interchange Format
PNG Portable Network Graphic
TGA Targa File Format
PCX PC Painbrush
PIC Lotus Picture
TIFF Tag Image File Format
ANI Windows Animation
CUR Windows Cursor
ICO Windows Icon
PBM Portable Bitmap
PGM Portable Graymap
PSP Paint Shop Pro
PSD Photo Shop Document
CMS Color Management System
RGB Red Green Blue
CMYK Cyan Magenta Yellow Black
CGM Computer Graphic Metafile
SVG Scalable Vector Graphics
EPS Encapsulated PostScript
AI Adobe Ilustrator
LAIN-LAIN :
2G Second Generation
3G Third Generation
AAL ATM Adaptation Layer
ACE Access Control Entry
ACPI Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
AGP Acceleration Graphics Port
AMD Advanced Micro Devices
API Application Programming Interface
APIPA Automatic Private IP Addressing
APN Access Point Name  /  Network
ARFCN Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number
ARP Address Resolution Protocol
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ATA Advanced Technology Attachment
ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
AV Audio Video
BAP Bandwidth Allocation Protocol
BDC Backup Domain Controller
BIND Berkeley Internet Name Domain
BIOS Basic Input Output System
B-ISDN Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network
BOOTP Bootstrap Protocol
BRI Basic Rate Interface
BSD Berkeley Software Distribution
CA Certification Authority
CAD Computer Aided Drafting
CBR Constant Bit Rate
CCD Charge Coupled Display
CCITT Comite Consultatif International Telegraphique et Telephonique
CCP Compression Control Protocol
CCTV Closed Circuit Television
CD-R Compact Disc Recordable
CD-RW Compact Disc Rewritable
CGA Color Graphics Adapter
CHAP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
CIF Common Intermediate Format
CLIP Classical IP over ATM
CMOS Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
COM Comunication (Serial)
CRL Certificate Revocation List
CRT Cathode Ray Tube
CSID Called Subscriber ID
CSMA Carrier Sense Multiple Access
CSP Cryptographic Service Provider
CTL Certificate Trust List
DACL Discretionary Access Control List
DAV Distributed Authoring and Versioning
DCE Data Communications Equipment
DDE Dynamic Data Exchange
DDNS Dinamic DNS
DDR RAM Double Data Rate RAM
DFS Distributed File System
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DLC Data Link Control
DLCI Data Link Control Identifier
DLL Dynamic Link Library
DMA Direct Memory Access
DNS Domain Name System
DRAM Dynamic Random Access Memory
DSA Digital Signature Algorithm
DSL Digital Subscriber Line
DSS Digital Signature Standard
DTE Data Terminal Equipment
DUN Dial-Up Network
DVD Digital Versatile Disc  /  Digital Video Disc
DVI Digital Video Interface / Digital Visual Interface
EAP Extensible Authentication Protocol
EDGE Enhanced Data GSM Environment  /  Enhanced Data for Global Evolution
EDO RAM Extended Data Out RAM
EFI Extensible Firmware Interface
EFS Encrypting File System
EGA Enhanced Graphics Adapter
ELAN Emulated Local Area Network
EMS Expanded Memory Specification
ESDI Enhanced Small Device Interface
EVDO Evolution Data Only / Optimized
F/W Version Firmware Version
FAQs Frequently Asked Questions
FAT File Allocation Table
FCB File Control Block
FEP Front End Processor
FIPS 140-1 Federal Information Processing Standard 140-1
FQDN Fully Qualified Domain Name
FTP File Transfer Protocol
GDI Graphics Device Interface
GOP Group of Pictures
GPRS General Packet Radio Service
GPS Global Positioning System
GPT GUID Partition Table
GSM Global System for Mobile Communications
GUI Graphical User Interface
HCL Hardware Compatibility List
HDMI High Definition Multimedia Interface
HDTV High Definition TV
HMAC Hash-based Message Authentication Mode
HSDPA High Speed Downlink Packet Access
HSPA High Speed Packet Access
HSUPA High Speed Uplink Packet Access
HTML Hyper Text Markup Language
HTTP Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
I/O Input / Output
ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol
IDE Integrated Device Electronics
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force
IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol
IIS Internet Information Services
IME Input Method Editor
IMEI International Mobile Equipment Identity
INF Information File
Internet Interconected Network
IP Internet Protocol
IPC Interprocess Communication
IPSec Internet Protocol Security
IPX Internetwork Packet Exchange
IR Infra Red
IRC Internet Relay Chatting
IRDA Infrared Data Association
IRQ Interrupt Request
ISA Industry Standard Association / Architecture
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
ISM Intersite Messaging Service
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ISP Internet Service Provider
ITU-T International Telecommunication Union – Telecommunication [Standardization Sector]
KDC Key Distribution Center
L2TP Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol
LAN Local Area Network
LANE LAN Emulation
LCD Liquid Crystal Display
LDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
LDIF LDAP Data Interchange Format
LED Light Emitting Diode
LES LAN Emulation Server
LPD Line Printer Daemon
LPR Line Printer Remote
LPT1 Line Printer 1
MAC Medium Access Control / Message Authentication Code
MADCAP Multicast Address Dynamic Client Allocation Protocol
MAN Metropolitan Area Network
MARS Multicast Address Resolution Service
MBR Master Boot Record
MCS Multicast Server
MD5 Message Digest 5
MFT Master File Table
MIB Management Information Base
MMC Microsoft Management Console
MMC Multy Media Card
MMS Multimedia Messaging Service
MMU Memory Management Unit
MNP5 Microcom Networking Protocol Five
MODEM Modulator Demodulator
MPPE Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption
MS DTC Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator
MS-DOS Microsoft Disk Operating System
MSMQ Microsoft Message Queuing
MSR Microsoft Reserved
NCP Network Control Protocol / NetWare Core Protocol
NDS Novell Directory Services
NetBEUI NetBIOS Extended User Interface
NetBIOS Network Basic Input / Output System
NIC Network Interface Card
NMS Network Management Station
NNTP Network News Transfer Protocol
NS Name Server
NTFS New Tehcnology File System  /  Network Transfer File System / Network File System
NTSC National Television Standards Comitte  /  National Television Systems Committee
OSI Open Systems Interconnection
PAD Packet Assembler Disassembler
PAL Phase Alternate Line  /  Phase Alteration Line
PAP Password Authentication Protocol
PATA Paralel Advanced Technology Attachment
PBX Private Branch Exchange
PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect  /  Interface
PCL Printer Control Language
PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PDA Personal Digital Assistant
PDC Primary Domain Controller
PDL Page Description Language
PID Process Identifier
PIF Program Information File
PIN Personal Identity Number
PJL Printer Job Language
PKCS Public Key Cryptography Standards
PKI Public Key Infrastructure
POP3 Post Office Protocol 3
POSIX Portable Operating System Interface for UNIX
POTS Point of Termination Station
PPP Point-to-Point Protocol
PPPoA Point-to-Point Protocol over ATM
PPPoE Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet
PPTP Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
PRI Primary Rate Interface
PS2 Post Script 2
PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network
QCIF Quarter Common Intermediate Format
QoS Quality of Service
QVGA Quarter Video Graphics Array
RADIUS Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service
RAID Redundant Array of Independent Disks
RAM Random Access Memory
RCA Radio Company of America
RFC Request for Comments
RID Relative ID
RIPX Routing Information Protocol over IPX
ROM Read Only Memory
RPC Remote Procedure Call
RR Resource Record
RSL Registry Size Limit
S / MIME Secure / Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
SACL System Access Control List
SATA Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
SBM Subnet Bandwidth Management
SCSI Small Computer System Interface
SDP Session Description Protocol
SDRAM Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SECAM  - Sequential Couleur Avec Memorie (Standar Video Perancis dan Eropa Timur)
 - Sequential Couleur a Memoire or Sequential Color with Memory
SHA-1 Secure Hash Algorithm-1
SID Security ID
SIM Subscriber Identity Module
SIS Single Instance Store
SLIP Serial Line Internet Protocol
SMB Server Message Block
SMS Short Messaging Service
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol  /  Simple Mai Transport Protocol
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
SOA Start of Authority
SPID Service Profile Identifier
SSL Secure Sockets Layer
SVGA Super Video Graphics Array
SWIFT Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication
TAPI Telephony API
TCP / IP Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol
TDI Transport Driver Interface
TELNET TELetype Network
TFT Thin Film Transistor
TFTP Trivial File Transfer Protocol
TGA Television Graphics Adapter
TGS Ticket Granting Service
TGT Ticket Granting Ticket
TLD Top Level Domain
TLS Transport Layer Security
TSID Transmitting Station ID
TTL Time to Live
UAC User Account Control
UCS Unicode Character System
UDP User Datagram Protocol
UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
UNC Universal Naming Convention
UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply
URL Uniform Resource Locator
USB Universal Serial Bus
UTF Unicode Transmission Format
UTP Unshielded Twisted Pair
UXGA Ultra Extended Graphics Array
VCD Video Compact Disc
VESA Video Electronic Standard Assosiation
VGA Video Graphics Array / Adapter / Accelerator
VHS Video Home System
VLAN Virtual Local Area Network
VPN Virtual Private Network
WAN Wide Area Network
WAP Wireless Application Protocol
WCDMA Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
WDM Windows Driver Model
WebDAV Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning
WEC Web Extender Client
WEP Wired Equivalent Privacy
Wi-Fi Wireless Fidelity
WINS Windows Internet Name Service
WMI Windows Management Instrumentation
WOSA Windows Open Services Architecture
WPA Wireless Protect Access
WPS Wireless Protect System
WUXGA Widescreen  Ultra Extended Graphics Array
WWW World Wide Web
WXGA Widescreen Extended Graphics Array
XGA Extended Graphics Array
XML Extensible Markup Language
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